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Brook Trout Fishing

Have you ever seen an oil painting or photo of the woods of new hampshire with a beatiful slow moving  clear blue river running through it.  The kind of tranquel river that is calming to the soul and helps you to forget about all the anxieties of your life.  The sound of the slow moving crystal clear water completely calming your inner spirit.  If you have seen such a river either on telivision or in person then you may know that brook trout are also common in these types of streams.  They are known to inhabit slow moving cool running streams with good clarity.  Below I have detailed some more information about how to catch one of americas oldest native trout species.

Brook Trout Fishing Facts

brook trout

brook trout

Brook trout are sometimes refered to as speckled trout as they have speckles of red and blue dots along thier brown bodies.  Thier bottoms are more reddish in color.  These dots make them both easy to indentify and appealing to the eye.

They do not grow much larger than 15lbs in wieght and do not span much larger than 3 feet long.  This makes them not one of the largest species that inhabit these waters, but a decent size fish none the less. 

They reley on a decent amount of light to spot thier prey, so the best time to fish for brook trout is durring the early evening or early dawn.  Many scientists beleive that the spawning of insects happens around these times as well, so thier is much feeding happening durring these times.

They have a fair sense of smell as well as a fair sense of vision.  Like many other species of freshwater and saltwater fish they also rely on the lateral line system to indentify thier next meal.  They can use this system to identify vibrations in the nearby water. 

Brook trout have been known to jump up rivers and streams, but probably do not put on such a display as a salmon would. 

Many anglers have success catching “brookies” with dry or wet flies using Fly Casting  techniques.

How to catch Brook Trout

Trout Worms

Trout Worms

Brook trout natural feed on small insects, crawfish, amphibians and leeches as well as any other abundant food source at the time.  Thier are a variety of techniques used to catch brook trout.

  • Using live bait fishing near the top of the water when you know brook trout are on that area.  An eagle claw hook, whith a dober attached a few feet up is a good simple method.  You can bait with worms, fish eggs or other smaller bait that a smaller brookie will not have a hard time swallowing.  Stay away from the larger baits when fishing for brook trout.
  • Using live bait with a similar rig  fishing near the bottom of the water when you know brookies are at the bottom.  Just use a weight in place of the dober obviously.
  • Trolling or casting with lures, spoons and plugs is another popular method.  Use smaller spinners and spoons as your chances of landing a brook trout will be better.
  • River fishing from shore is yet another popular method implemented.  Look for areas where the brook trout can hide behind the rushing current.  The eddy’s formed from large rocks are generally a good location.  They will hide there and wait to ambush their prey. 
  • Fly Casting is probably one of the most popular (and elegant) methods used to catch brook trout.  Wet flies and Dry flies can be used.
  • I have had good luck with red and gold spinners near the top of the water column when fishing for brook trout.
  • What is the best bait for Brook Trout Fishing

    Flies used for Fly Fishing

    Flies used for Fly Fishing

    I generally fish with smaller shiners, lures that resemble grasshoppers or crickets, worms and trout eggs when

    fishing for brookies.  A variety of baits will work effectively, but it is important to study the surrounding food supply in the water.  I try to match my bait to what is abundant at the time. 

    Where to catch Brook Trout

    Thanks to stocking of rivers and ponds, brook trout can be caught in almost any part of america.  Thier natural habitat was originally the northeast and the great lakes region.  Any slow moving clear body of water is a potential candidate for brook trout.  They spawn in october through decemeber and the female nests can be spotted from shore.

    • Connecticut River
    • Hudson River
    • Lake Winnipesaukee
    • Sebago Lake
    • Lake Champlain
    • Rivers around Lake Ontario
    • Rivers around Lake Huron
    • Oahe River
    • Rhode Island Rivers and Lakes
    • Massachussetts Rivers and Lakes

    When is the best time to catch Brook Trout

    As stated above the early morning or early evening are great times to catch brook trout.  While river fishing I find that the bite generally stays good for most of the day however.  Any overcast day or full moon offers sufficeint light for the brook trout to spot thier prey while keeping the feeding time open. 

    Brook Trout Fishing Tips

    I have found that fly fishing works the best for catching brook trout, but I have caught them using different methods as well.  A large dry fly on a slow moving river can be very effective, just be certain not to make a lot of noise as they can easily be spooked down stream.  Drifting a nightcrawler downstream can also produce good results.  When fishing for brookies I have attendacy to use smaller tackle as I know they do not grow quite as large as Salmon or some other species of trout.   If you are a beginner fisherman the odds of you catching any species of fish is great when using smaller tackle anyway so it may not be a bad practice if you are just starting out.

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